APIs used:
  • Get paginated transactions for address (v3)  


Hey there, fellow blockchain enthusiasts! If you've ever had a sneaking suspicion that you're burning through ETH like there's no tomorrow, you're in the right place. Today, we're taking a deep dive into your Ethereum gas consumption with the help of the Covalent API. Get ready to find out if you're a bona fide "gas guzzler" and learn some savvy tips to minimize your gas spending!


  • Basic familiarity with Node.js

  • Fetching data using APIs

What is Gas, and Why Does It Matter?

First things first, let's talk about gas. In the context of Ethereum, gas is a unit of measurement that represents the computational effort required to execute various operations. In other words, it is the fuel that powers every interaction with a contract and dApp.

When you send a transaction or interact with a smart contract on the Ethereum network, you're essentially requesting the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) to perform specific operations. Each operation has an associated gas cost, which reflects the computational resources needed to perform that operation. For example, a simple operation like adding two numbers has a lower gas cost than a more complex operation like hashing a large amount of data.

Gas exists for several important reasons:

  1. Resource allocation: Gas ensures that the resources consumed by the Ethereum network are fairly allocated. Each operation within a smart contract or transaction requires computational power.

  2. Miner incentives: By attaching a gas cost to operations on the network, Ethereum creates an incentive for miners to process transactions and discourages the excessive use of network resources.

  3. Security: Gas helps protect the network from spam and potential denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. By imposing a gas cost on transactions, bad actors are discouraged from flooding the network with malicious or frivolous transactions that could negatively impact performance.

  4. Predictable costs: Gas allows developers and users to estimate the cost of executing a smart contract or transaction beforehand. Since each operation has a predetermined gas cost, users can approximate the total gas fees required to complete a particular action.

Gas Fee Structure Over Time

In August 2021, Ethereum introduced a major upgrade called EIP-1559 as part of the London Hard Fork. This upgrade improved the network's fee structure. It made gas fees more predictable and user-friendly by implementing a base fee that adjusts with network congestion and allows users to pay an optional inclusion fee to prioritize their transactions.

Imagine you're at an amusement park and want to ride the most popular roller coaster. The waiting line is long, but you can pay extra to skip the line and get on the ride faster. This is similar to how Ethereum's old fee structure worked, where users had to compete with each other and outbid others to get their transactions processed more quickly.

With EIP-1559, the amusement park introduces a fixed base fee for each ride. This base fee varies depending on how busy the park is. When the park is less crowded, the base fee decreases; when it's more crowded, the base fee increases. This helps maintain a balanced flow of visitors to each ride and ensures that everyone can have a good time.

Additionally, EIP-1559 lets users pay an optional tip (inclusion fee) to incentivize the ride operators (miners) to prioritize their transactions. The base fee, however, gets "burned" or removed from circulation, which means it doesn't go to the ride operators. This burning mechanism can make ETH’s supply potentially deflationary under certain conditions.

Now that you know about gas and its purposes, it's easy to see why understanding your gas consumption is crucial. Every operation has a specific gas cost, and with network congestion and fluctuating gas prices, your ETH can disappear quickly. As a user, gas fees directly impact your wallet and your overall experience in the Ethereum ecosystem. For developers, being aware of gas costs is vital for building efficient, user-friendly Web3 applications that won't break the bank for your users.

The Covalent API: A Game-Changer for Blockchain Data Analysis

So, how can Web3 users determine their gas consumption? Enter the Covalent API! This powerful tool provides a unified API to access granular, historical blockchain data across over 100 supported networks. With its rich, customizable features, the Covalent API is like a Swiss Army knife for developers, enabling you to retrieve, analyze, and visualize wallet addresses, tokens, and transactions with ease.

Calculate Your Ethereum Gas Consumption with the Covalent API

Ready to examine your gas-guzzling habits? Follow these simple steps to get started:


Create an API key

Head over to the Covalent API website and sign up for a free API key.


Retrieve your transaction history

Use the Covalent API to fetch the transaction history for your wallet address. Here's an example API call to get you going: https://api.covalenthq.com/v1/{chainName}/address/{walletAddress}/transactions_v3/page/{page}/?&key={your_api_key}


Calculate the total gas spent

Iterate through the transactions, summing up the gas used (in Gwei) multiplied by the gas price for each transaction. Remember to convert the final amount to ETH (1 ETH = 1,000,000,000 Gwei) for a more relatable figure.


Analyze gas consumption over time

Group your transactions by time (e.g., daily, weekly, or monthly) to understand your gas consumption trends. Are you a weekend warrior, or do you consistently guzzle gas throughout the week?


Visualize your gas consumption data (optional)

To make your data even more digestible, consider creating a chart or graph. Tools like Google Sheets or D3.js can help you transform your data into a visual masterpiece.

Let's go through each step with a Node.js example to help you calculate and analyze your Ethereum gas consumption.

Node.js Example

First, make sure you have axios installed:

npm install axios

Next, create a file named gasConsumption.js and add the accompanying code to your right.

Replace yourWalletAddress and yourApiKey with your wallet address and Covalent API key, respectively, and run the script:

node gasConsumption.js

This script fetches transaction data using the Covalent API, and calculates the total gas spent in USD leveraging Covalent’s historical price feeds so you get the gas fee based on the ETH price on the day of the transaction.

*By default, this script returns the total gas spent for the past 100 transactions. To get all transactions, specify the page number.

const axios = require('axios');

const yourWalletAddress = '0x.....';
const yourApiKey = 'YOUR_COVALENT_API_KEY';
const chainId = 'eth-mainnet';

const fetchTransactionData = async () => {
  const url = `https://api.covalenthq.com/v1/${chainId}/address/${yourWalletAddress}/transactions_v3/?&key=${yourApiKey}`;
  const response = await axios.get(url);
  return response.data.data.items;

const calculateTotalGasSpent = (transactionData) => {
  let totalGasSpentUSD = 0;

  for (const tx of transactionData) {
    totalGasSpentUSD += tx.gas_quote;

  return "$" + totalGasSpentUSD.toFixed(2)

const calculateWalletGasFees = async () => {
  const transactionData = await fetchTransactionData();
  const totalGasSpent = calculateTotalGasSpent(transactionData);

  console.log(`Total gas spent for wallet ${yourWalletAddress}: ${totalGasSpent} (USD)`);


Tips to Reduce Your Gas Consumption

Now that you've faced your gas-guzzling reality, here are some handy tips to help you save on those pesky fees:

  • Timing is everything: Avoid making transactions during peak network activity to capitalize on lower gas prices. Keep an eye on tools like Etherscan Gas Tracker for the best times to strike.

  • Embrace Layer 2 solutions: Layer 2 scaling solutions like Optimism, zkSync, and Polygon can drastically reduce your gas costs. Investigate which solutions work best for your Web3 applications and watch your gas bill shrink.

  • Explore alternative blockchains: Don't be afraid to venture into other blockchains that offer lower gas fees, such as Binance Smart Chain, Avalanche, or Solana. Diversifying your blockchain exposure can help you save on transaction costs and broaden your knowledge of the ever-expanding Web3 ecosystem.

Here is an example of various transaction fees (in USD) across blockchains in March 2023:

BlockchainCost Per TransactionAverage Transaction Speed
Ethereum$0.60 to $2.7013 seconds
Polygon$0.03 to $0.072 seconds
SolanaLess than $0.0015 seconds

Source: Coincodex

Celebrity Spotlight

Here are a few examples of celebrities that have publicly shared their Ethereum wallet addresses. Let’s see if they are gas guzzlers!

  1. Vitalik Buterin (Ethereum Co-founder): 0xAb5801a7D398351b8bE11C439e05C5B3259aeC9B

  2. Steve Aoki (Musician): 0xe4bbcbff51e61d0d95fcc5016609ac8354b177c4

  3. Paris Hilton (Celebrity and entrepreneur): 0xB6Aa5a1AA37a4195725cDF1576dc741d359b56bd

  4. Snoop Dogg (Rapper and entrepreneur): 0xCe90a7949bb78892F159F428D0dC23a8E3584d75

CelebrityTotal Gas Fees Spent
Vitalik4.01 ETH (~15K USD)
Steve23.45 ETH (~74K USD)
Paris0.36 ETH (~1K USD)
Snoop16.20 ETH (~57K USD)

All USD values are taken from the quote at the time of each transaction, not at the current ETH value. As you can see, Steve Aoki and Snoop Dogg have both spent a lot on gas! In contrast, Vitalik Buterin and Paris Hilton have spent substantially less.


Congratulations, you've successfully assessed your Ethereum gas consumption using the Covalent API! By understanding your gas-spending habits, you can now make more informed decisions and optimize your wallet management. Remember, knowledge is power, and staying informed is essential in the rapidly evolving world of blockchain.

So, whether you turned out to be a gas-sipping Prius or a gas-guzzling Hummer (regardless of total environmental impact), there's always room for improvement. Embrace the tips we shared and save money on gas! Don't forget to share your results and any gas-saving strategies you've discovered in the comments section below. Together, we can fuel a more efficient and cost-effective Web3 experience for all!